23 Fun and Interesting Facts about Beijing!

Welcome to Beijing, a city where ancient history and modernity coexist harmoniously. In this article, we will take you on an exciting journey through the captivating wonders of Beijing. From its rich history and vibrant culture to its iconic landmarks and fascinating traditions, Beijing offers an unforgettable experience for travelers of all ages, including kids. Let’s embark on this adventure and uncover the marvels of Beijing together!

Table of Contents

History Facts about Beijing

1. Beijing is one of the oldest cities in the world with a history dating back over 3 000 years.

Beijing, with its roots tracing back thousands of years, stands as one of the world’s oldest cities. It’s ancient history and cultural heritage has shaped the city into an incredible blend of tradition and modernity. From humble beginnings as a small settlement, Beijing has grown into a bustling metropolis while retaining its historical charm.

2. The city has been the political and cultural center of China for centuries.

Beijing’s strategic location and historical significance have positioned it as the political and cultural heart of China. For centuries, it has been the seat of power, serving as the capital city and a center of governance for various dynasties and governments. This rich political heritage is reflected in its grand architecture, imperial palaces, and historical landmarks.

The Forbidden City

3. The Forbidden City served as the imperial palace for 24 emperors during the Ming and Qing dynasties.

Nestled within Beijing lies the magnificent Forbidden City, an architectural masterpiece that housed China’s emperors during the Ming and Qing dynasties. With its imposing walls, grand halls, and intricate courtyards, the Forbidden City served as the political and ceremonial center of imperial China. Today, it stands as a UNESCO World Heritage site and a testament to the grandeur and luxury of the past.

4. Beijing hosted the 2008 Summer Olympics.

In 2008, Beijing took the global stage as it played host to the Summer Olympics. The event brought about remarkable infrastructure development and modernization in the city. Iconic venues like the Bird’s Nest Stadium and the Water Cube became symbols of architectural brilliance, leaving a lasting legacy that transformed Beijing’s urban landscape.

Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics
Image Attribution

5. Tiananmen Square, located in Beijing, is one of the largest public squares in the world with historical and political significance.

Tiananmen Square, situated in the heart of Beijing, is a monumental public square of immense historical and political significance. With its vast expanse, it has been the site of numerous important events throughout China’s history. From the iconic Gate of Heavenly Peace to the towering Monument to the People’s Heroes, Tiananmen Square represents the aspirations, struggles, and triumphs of the Chinese people.

Cultural Facts about Beijing

6. Beijing is known for its distinctive cuisine, including Peking Duck.

When it comes to culinary delights, Beijing is renowned for its unique and flavorful cuisine. Among its most famous dishes is Peking duck, a succulent roasted duck with crispy skin. This culinary masterpiece has captivated taste buds worldwide, and visitors to Beijing often make it a point to savor this mouthwatering delicacy.

Peking duck

7. The city’s hutongs offer a glimpse into Beijing’s traditional way of life.

Nestled within Beijing are its charming hutongs, these are narrow alleyways that provide a window into the city’s traditional way of life. These ancient residential neighborhoods are lined with traditional courtyard homes, where locals have preserved centuries-old customs and traditions. Exploring the labyrinthine hutongs is like stepping back in time and experiencing Beijing’s rich heritage firsthand.

8. Beijing is home to the traditional opera known as Peking opera.

Peking opera, a traditional form of Chinese theater, finds its home in Beijing. With its elaborate costumes, stylized movements, and distinctive singing style, Peking opera captivates audiences with its fusion of music, dance, and drama. The city’s theaters regularly showcase this centuries-old art form, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the rich cultural traditions of Beijing.

In Beijing, kite-flying is not just a pastime but a cherished cultural activity. Locals and visitors alike flock to open spaces, parks, and even rooftops to fly intricately designed kites. With vibrant colors and graceful movements, these kites adorn the skies of Beijing, creating a spectacle that reflects the city’s love for traditional sports and recreational pursuits.

10. Beijing has a rich cultural heritage and is home to numerous museums and art galleries.

As a city steeped in history and culture, Beijing boasts a wealth of museums and art galleries that showcase its rich heritage. From the National Museum of China, housing ancient artifacts, to the Palace Museum, which exhibits imperial treasures, visitors can immerse themselves in the city’s artistic and historical legacy. The thriving art scene in Beijing also offers a platform for contemporary artists to showcase their talent.

Landmarks and Architecture Facts about Beijing

11. The Great Wall of China can be visited from various sections near Beijing.

One cannot visit Beijing without exploring the majestic Great Wall of China, an architectural wonder that stretches across the country’s northern borders. Many sections of the Great Wall are easily accessible from Beijing, allowing visitors to marvel at its grandeur and experience the historical significance of this iconic structure.

View of The Great Wall of China

12. The Bird’s Nest Stadium, located in Beijing, was the main venue for the 2008 Olympics.

The Bird’s Nest Stadium, a masterpiece of modern architecture, captivated the world during the 2008 Olympics. Designed for the opening and closing ceremonies, as well as track and field events, its unique lattice-like structure earned it international acclaim. Today, the stadium continues to be a prominent landmark and a symbol of Beijing’s hosting of the historic games.

The Bird's Nest Stadium

13. Beijing has 7 UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the Summer Palace and the Temple of Heaven.

Beijing is home to a remarkable collection of UNESCO World Heritage sites that bear witness to its rich history and architectural splendour. Among these treasures are the Summer Palace, a breathtaking imperial garden retreat, and the Temple of Heaven, an architectural masterpiece where emperors once performed sacred rituals. These sites provide a glimpse into Beijing’s past and are a testament to its cultural significance.

14. The city’s modern skyline features skyscrapers such as the CITIC Tower and the CCTV Headquarters.

While steeped in history, Beijing is also a city of modernity, and its skyline showcases striking skyscrapers. Prominent among them is the CITIC Tower, an imposing structure that dominates the cityscape. Additionally, the CCTV Headquarters, with its distinctive shape, stands as a testament to the city’s architectural innovation and contemporary design.

CITIC Tower and the CCTV Headquarters
The tallest building in Beijing is The CITIC Tower And the Building that looks square Is the CCTV Headquarters.

15. Traditional architectural styles can be seen in the temples, pagodas, and gardens of Beijing.

Amidst the urban development, traditional architectural styles continue to thrive in Beijing. Temples such as the Lama Temple and the Beijing Temple of Confucius, adorned with intricate details and vibrant colors, exemplify the city’s spiritual heritage. Majestic pagodas and meticulously landscaped gardens, such as Beihai Park and the Fragrant Hills, provide serene retreats where visitors can experience the harmony of traditional Chinese architecture and natural beauty.

Geography and Climate Facts about Beijing

16. Beijing is located in the northeastern part of China.

Situated in the northeastern part of China, Beijing is bordered by Hebei Province to the north, west, south, and the Bohai Sea to the east. Its strategic location has played a crucial role in its historical and cultural development, as well as its connectivity with other regions of China.

17. The city experiences a distinct four-season climate, with hot summers and cold winters.

Beijing’s climate is characterized by four distinct seasons. Summers are hot and humid, with temperatures often exceeding 30°C (86°F). Winters, on the other hand, are cold and dry, with temperatures dropping below freezing point. Spring and autumn offer milder and pleasant weather, making them ideal seasons to explore the city.

The Great Wall of China in Winter

18. Spring and autumn are generally mild and pleasant in Beijing.

During spring and autumn, Beijing experiences mild and pleasant weather, offering a break from the extreme temperatures of summer and winter. Spring brings blooming cherry blossoms and a sense of renewal, while autumn presents a picturesque landscape with colourful foliage. These seasons are ideal for outdoor activities and exploring the city’s cultural and historical attractions.

Facts about Beijing for kids

19. Beijing has a population of over 21 million people.

As one of the most populous cities in the world, Beijing is home to a diverse and vibrant population. The city’s population has steadily grown over the years, attracting people from different parts of China and around the globe. This diverse mix of residents contributes to the cultural dynamism and cosmopolitan nature of Beijing.

20. The Beijing Capital International Airport is one of the busiest airports in the world.

Beijing Capital International Airport serves as a vital transportation hub, connecting the city with destinations worldwide. As one of the busiest airports globally, it facilitates domestic and international travel, welcoming millions of passengers each year. The airport’s modern infrastructure and extensive flight network make it a gateway to Beijing and beyond.

Beijing Capital International Airport
Image Attribution

21. The city has a well-developed public transportation system, including an extensive subway network, buses, and taxis.

Beijing boasts a comprehensive and efficient public transportation system that facilitates smooth travel within the city. The subway network, with its extensive coverage and multiple lines, offers a convenient and affordable way to navigate Beijing. In addition to the subway, buses and taxis provide alternative transportation options, ensuring accessibility and convenience for residents and visitors alike.

22. Beijing is an important center for higher education, with prestigious universities such as Peking University and Tsinghua University.

Beijing has established itself as a prominent center for higher education, hosting renowned universities that attract students from across China and the world. Institutions like Peking University and Tsinghua University are globally recognized for their academic excellence and research contributions. These universities play a vital role in shaping the intellectual landscape of the city and nurturing future leaders.

Peking University

23. The city is at the forefront of technological advancements in China and is home to many high-tech companies and startups.

Beijing stands as a frontrunner in China’s technological landscape, hosting numerous high-tech companies and startups. The city’s thriving tech scene has fostered innovation and entrepreneurship, driving advancements in areas such as artificial intelligence, information technology, and biotechnology. Beijing’s vibrant tech ecosystem continues to attract talent and investment, positioning it as a key player in China’s tech revolution.


As we conclude our journey through Beijing, we hope you’ve been inspired by the city’s rich history, vibrant culture, and captivating landmarks. From walking in the footsteps of emperors in the Forbidden City to savouring the Flavors of Peking Duck, Beijing offers an extraordinary blend of tradition and modernity. Whether you’re exploring the ancient wonders of the Great Wall or indulging in the excitement of the city’s hutongs, Beijing promises an unforgettable adventure for the whole family. So pack your bags and get ready to immerse yourself in the wonders of Beijing, where ancient heritage and modern marvels await your discovery!

The beautiful view of Beijing at sunset

If you enjoyed this article and would like to read a similar one that goes over the 7 UNESCO world heritage sites in Beijing click here to see it!

And lastly, if you would like to read our article where we go over some FAQs on Beijing click here to see our article on, Beijing FAQs: Exploring China’s incredible capital city!

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