Guangzhou FAQs: Exploring China’s City of Flowers!

Welcome to Guangzhou, a beautiful city in Guangdong province, China! If you’re planning to visit or simply curious about this fascinating destination, you probably have some questions. In this article, we’ll go over the most frequently asked questions about Guangzhou and provide you with valuable information. So, let’s dive in!

Where is Guangzhou?

Located in southern China, Guangzhou sits on the Pearl River, about 120 kilometers (75 miles) northwest of Hong Kong. It is strategically positioned close to other major cities like Shenzhen, Macau, and Zhuhai. As a vital transportation hub, Guangzhou connects various regions in China and serves as an important gateway to the rest of the world.

What province is Guangzhou in?

Guangzhou is the capital city of Guangdong Province, which is situated in southern China. Guangdong, also known as Canton, is a prosperous region renowned for its dynamic economy and rich cultural heritage. With its strategic coastal location, Guangdong has played a significant role in China’s economic development and international trade.

Is Guangzhou the capital of Guangdong?

Yes, indeed! Guangzhou proudly holds the title of being the capital city of Guangdong province. This status reflects its historical importance and administrative significance. As the provincial capital, Guangzhou serves as Guangdong’s political, economic, and cultural center, contributing to its growth and development.

How big is Guangzhou?

Guangzhou covers a considerable area, spanning approximately 7 434 square kilometers (2 870 square miles). With its expansive urban landscape and surrounding suburban districts, the city offers a diverse range of neighborhoods, each with its own unique charm and character.

From the bustling city center with its modern skyscrapers to the tranquil outskirts dotted with villages, Guangzhou has something for everyone. Its vast size is comparable to other major cities worldwide, making Guangzhou an exciting metropolis to explore.

Guangzhou skyline from the Pearl River 
Guangzhou skyline from the Pearl River 

What is Guangzhou’s population?

Guangzhou is home to a vibrant population of over 15 million people. With its ever-growing urbanization and economic opportunities, the city continues to attract residents from across China and beyond. Its population diversity adds to Guangzhou’s cultural vibrancy and cosmopolitan atmosphere. The locals are known for their warm hospitality, making visitors feel welcome and at ease.

What is the weather like in Guangzhou?

Guangzhou experiences a subtropical climate, characterized by hot and humid summers and mild, relatively dry winters. The city enjoys four distinct seasons, each with its own unique charm. Spring brings pleasant temperatures and blooming flowers, while summer can be quite hot and humid, with temperatures reaching an average of 30°C (86°F). Autumn offers cooler temperatures and comfortable weather, making it an ideal time to explore the city’s outdoor attractions. Winter is relatively mild, with temperatures averaging around 13°C (55°F).

It’s worth noting that Guangzhou experiences more rainfall during the summer months, so it’s advisable to pack an umbrella or raincoat. The city’s lush greenery and parks thrive in the humid climate, creating beautiful landscapes for locals and visitors to enjoy throughout the year.

Pleasant weather in Guangzhou

How do you pronounce Guangzhou?

The pronunciation of Guangzhou can be a bit tricky for non-native speakers. The correct way to pronounce it is “gwahng-jow.” The first syllable, “gwahng,” rhymes with “sang,” while the second syllable, “jow,” sounds like “Joe.” Keep practicing, and you’ll soon master the pronunciation!

What language do they speak in Guangzhou?

In Guangzhou, the predominant language spoken is Cantonese. Cantonese is a distinctive dialect widely used in the region, known for its melodious tones and unique vocabulary. While Mandarin Chinese, the official language of China, is also commonly spoken, particularly in official settings, businesses, and schools, Cantonese remains the language of daily conversation and cultural expression for the locals.

Don’t worry if you don’t speak Cantonese or Mandarin! Many locals in Guangzhou, especially those working in the tourism industry, have a good command of English. Signs, menus, and other essential information in popular tourist areas are often available in English as well. Communication should not be a significant barrier during your visit to Guangzhou.

Guangzhou skyline at night

What is Guangzhou famous for?

Guangzhou boasts a rich history and cultural heritage, making it a city of immense significance in China. It is renowned for being a center of trade, commerce, and manufacturing in southern China. As one of the earliest ports to open to foreign trade, Guangzhou has a long-established reputation as a global trading hub.

The city’s architectural landmarks showcase its unique blend of traditional and modern aesthetics. The Canton Tower, an iconic symbol of Guangzhou, offers stunning panoramic views of the city from its observation decks. The Chen Clan Ancestral Hall, an exquisite example of traditional Lingnan architecture, is now a folk-art museum, showcasing intricate woodcarvings and colorful ceramics.

Guangzhou is also famous for its vibrant festivals. The Canton Fair, held twice a year, attracts businesses from all over the world who come to showcase their products. The Guangzhou International Light Festival, held during the winter season, transforms the city into a mesmerizing wonderland of lights and colours. The Spring Festival, or Chinese New Year, is celebrated with great enthusiasm, featuring dragon and lion dances, fireworks, and traditional customs.

In addition to its architectural wonders and festive atmosphere, Guangzhou is also famous for its beautiful flowers. The city is known for its stunning floral displays and gardens. Every year, during the Spring Festival, vibrant flower markets spring up throughout Guangzhou, offering a kaleidoscope of colors and fragrances.

Locals and visitors flock to these markets to purchase flowers and plants to decorate their homes and celebrate the festive season. The Yuexiu Park, one of the city’s oldest and largest parks, is also renowned for its picturesque scenery and lush gardens, featuring an array of flowers and plants.

The Canton Tower
The Canton Tower

When it comes to food, Guangzhou is a culinary paradise. Cantonese cuisine, with its exquisite flavors and fresh ingredients, takes the spotlight. The locals are passionate about their food, and eating is considered an art form. It’s no wonder that Cantonese cuisine is renowned worldwide.

Dim sum, a delightful assortment of bite-sized delicacies, is a must-try in Guangzhou. From steamed dumplings filled with shrimp or pork to savory rice rolls and custard tarts, dim sum offers a delectable culinary experience. Yum cha, the Cantonese tradition of enjoying tea and dim sum, is a social activity that locals and visitors alike cherish.

Roast goose is another popular dish in Guangzhou, with its succulent meat and crispy skin. The goose is marinated in a special blend of herbs and spices before being roasted to perfection. Seafood lovers will also be delighted by the abundance of fresh fish, prawns, crabs, and other treasures from the sea. Steamed fish with ginger and scallions is a classic Cantonese favorite.

To truly immerse yourself in the local food scene, explore the bustling street markets and food stalls. Here, you can savor a wide array of snacks and treats. Try cheung fun, delicate rice noodle rolls filled with various ingredients like shrimp, beef, or barbecued pork. Claypot rice, a flavorful combination of rice, meat, and vegetables cooked in aclay pot, is another must-try street food delicacy.

How many times has Guangzhou been the capital of China?

Guangzhou has a rich historical legacy and has served as the capital of China on several occasions. Throughout different dynasties and periods, Guangzhou held the position of capital due to its strategic location and economic significance. During the Nan Yue Kingdom in the third century BCE, Guangzhou served as the capital. Additionally, during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in the tenth century, Guangzhou was the capital of the Southern Han Dynasty.

While Guangzhou is not the capital of China at present, its historical role as a capital city has left a lasting impact on the city’s culture, architecture, and development. The echoes of its past as a capital can be seen in the grandeur of its ancient temples, the remnants of old city walls, and the rich heritage that permeates the streets.


In conclusion, Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, is a captivating city with a vibrant culture, delicious cuisine, a rich historical heritage, and stunning floral displays. Whether you’re by its architectural marvels, eager to explore the local food scene, or simply intrigued by its unique blend of traditions and modernity, Guangzhou has much to offer. Plan your trip, immerse yourself in the local experiences, and get ready to discover the wonders of Guangzhou!

Guangzhou at sunset

If you enjoyed this article and would like to see a similar one please click here to see our article on Tianjin FAQs: Exploring this Chinese Sea Side city!

And lastly, if you would like to read our article where we compile the largest cities in China please click here to see The 15 largest cities in China!

One comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *